Who Played the Beatles First?

(Update below.)

Yesterday, Ultimate Classic Rock, a site I generally like, published a piece titled “50 Years Ago: Beatles Hit U.S. Airwaves.” It claims that on December 17, 1963, Washington, D.C. jock Carroll James played the Beatles for the first time on American radio (on WWDC), responding to a request from a listener who had heard about “I Want to Hold Your Hand” and asked for it. The claim appears in Philip Norman’s acclaimed Beatles biography Shout!: The Beatles in Their Generation, and other places.

I don’t know whether James played “I Want to Hold Your Hand” on that day, although I have no reason to believe he didn’t. I do know, however, that he was not the first American DJ to play a Beatles record. And “I Want to Hold Your Hand” wasn’t the first Beatles song heard on American radio, either.

My own research a couple of years ago indicated that the Beatles had made the radio in the States in early 1963, although they were nothing special at the time. Today I consulted the fabulous Airheads Radio Survey Archive, which has collected (as of today) 35,487 radio station music surveys dated from 1955 to 1996, for the data. ARSA shows that the first Beatles song to get on American radio was “Please Please Me.” It further shows that five radio stations charted “Please Please Me” before December 1963. Others might have too, but here’s the ARSA tally:

—WLS in Chicago charted it for the weeks of March 8 and March 15, 1963 (peaking at #35), before dropping it off. Some fairly exhaustive research at Kent Kotal’s Forgotten Hits establishes pretty clearly that WLS was the first station in America to play the Beatles, in late February 1963, nearly a year before the outbreak of Beatlemania across the country.

—KFXM in San Bernardino, California, charted it on the week of April 6 and again on charts dated April 27, May 4, and May 11. I don’t know about the weeks of April 15 and 22, but the April 27 survey shows “Please Please Me” in its first week on the chart, so I am guessing it probably didn’t appear.

—WQAM in Miami got on it for the last two weeks in April.

—KNUZ in Houston has it for the week of May 3.

—KEWB in San Francisco charted it for the same week, although their chart date was shown as May 4.

The most amazing tidbit of Kotal’s research claims that WFRX in West Frankfort, Illinois, was on “Please Please Me” in June 1963. A 1997 article in the St. Louis Post Dispatch reported that George Harrison’s mother sent a copy to his sister Louise, who lived in Benton, Illinois (where George would spend three weeks on vacation in September 1963), and she passed it along to a DJ at nearby WFRX. (In addition, New York DJ Murray the K claimed to have played the Beatles in late September 1963.)

Most of the early survey citations list the song as “Please Please Me” by “the Beattles,” which was how the band’s name was spelled on the record. The release was on the Chicago label Vee Jay, and because a Chicago station would have likely have paid special attention to releases on a local label, that’s more weight on the WLS claim to be first. Dick Biondi, who was on WLS in 1963 and is on WLS-FM today, has long claimed to have been the first DJ in America to play the Beatles, and there’s no reason to believe he wasn’t.

Regarding “I Want to Hold Your Hand,” Carroll James may have been first to play it on December 17—or he may not have been. It shows up on surveys for WGR and WKBW in Buffalo for the week of December 27, and on WABC for the week of December 31, and it’s reasonable to assume, as was the case with WLS, that the stations played the song for a week or two before it appeared on their surveys.

This is more than just geek pedantry—this stuff matters. Ultimate Classic Rock got it wrong, and I’m trying to get it right.

(Update: Ultimate Classic Rock posted a new story based on this information, and they updated their earlier one. Glad to help out. They’re doing good work over there.)

8 responses

  1. I actually know someone from my university who was best friend of the girl who made the original request to WWDC. That girl actually got my friend to call WWDC, too, and they got the girlfriends thing going (they were junior high aged) and badgered the station into “breaking” the song. That may be where Ultimate Classic Rock is basing their claim.

    I know that I heard a station play “She Loves You” in November of ’63. I was at a friend’s house (we were 6th graders working on some project together) and the station (I want to say it was a Cleveland or Chicago station – down in NC we got those lovely stations especially well after dark). It was prefaced by a DJ referring to the NBC News story of Nov. 18, 1963 (CBS did one the following Thursday, Nov. 21, a story I saw because my mom loved Uncle Walter). I loved them – but my buddy, a die hard Beach Boys fan, mocked them.

    All that disappeared in the maw of grief and confusion for awhile after that Friday, Nov. 22, of course. But then Feb. 09, 1964 came and changed us all into Beatles fans…. Here’s one of my pieces on that time: http://scholarsandrogues.com/2010/11/17/from-me-to-you/

  2. […] his blog, The Hits Just Keep On Comin’, Madison, Wisc. DJ and Top 40 historian J.A. Bartlett calls us – and the sources we cited – out […]

  3. […] his blog, The Hits Just Keep On Comin’, Madison, Wisc. DJ and Top 40 historian J.A. Bartlett calls us – and the sources we cited […]

  4. According to Ultimate Classic Rock, “Capitol released the single here in the States the following week and it would ultimately hit the number one slot on Billboard on Feb. 1, 1964, a place it would occupy for eleven straight weeks.”

    It was actually *seven* weeks, followed by “She Loves You” for two and the first two of “Can’t Buy Me Love”‘s eventual five week reign atop the Hot 100.

    The Beatles’ second Vee-Jay single wasn’t even mentioned by UCR. “From Me To You” attracted even more pre-“She Loves You” and “Hold Your Hand” airplay than its predecessor, including a month’s worth of spins on L.A.’s KRLA from July 14 through August 18, 1963, and a fairly respectable #32 showing on its 50-position Tune-Dex survey. Having joined the 50,000-watt station just a couple of months earlier, odds are that even Casey Kasem was an earlier adopter than Carroll James.

    I wasn’t even the first person on my block to play the Beatles. My mom placed an in-house embargo on their records; not because she disdained them, but rather to ensure the copy of ‘Meet The Beatles!’ she would give her kids on Easter Sunday would truly be a surprise. With “Hand” thus in hand, Capitol of Canada’s “Roll Over Beethoven” 45 became my first Beatle buy.

  5. […] in Washington DC playing “I Want To Hold Your Hand” on WWDC, that just isn’t so. The Hit’s Keep On Coming blog decided to clear that up today, and the results show….drum roll….. it was WLS in […]

  6. as an Illinoisan I love the story of George walking the streets of America unnoticed when only a few months later he would be known nation-wide, trapped in limos and hotel rooms. Here’s an excellent article about his visit:

    http://illinoistimes.com/article-10994-they-saw-him-standin.html

  7. […] anniversary is already being noted in some circles. My man Jim Bartlett, for instance, recently did some good work on the earliest American DJs and radio stations to play Beatles […]

  8. […] corrected a widely misremembered piece of Beatles trivia, and elaborated on what we […]

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